人教版[整理]初三英语复习课件-被动语态复习课



专 题 复 习 课
The Passive Voice 被 动 语 态
复习目标 掌握语态基本概念; 、掌握语态基本概念; 熟悉常见语态转换; 、熟悉常见语态转换; 在语篇中理解和运用被动语态。 、在语篇中理解和运用被动语态。 复习重点: 复习重点 一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态; 一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态; 一般现在时带情态动词的被动语态。 一般现在时带情态动词的被动语态。 复习难点: 复习难点 被动语态中be形的确定 形的确定; 被动语态中 形的确定; 主动语态中省略to的宾补在被动语态中须补上 的宾补在被动语态中须补上to. 主动语态中省略 的宾补在被动语态中须补上
一、基本概念复习
  1、观察结构 、 及物动词+承受者 执行者 + 及物动词 承受者 Workers make cars in this factory. 主 谓 宾 执行者) 承受者 + be+及物动词过去分词 +(by +执行者 及物动词过去分词 执行者 Cars are made (by workers) in this factory. 主 谓
  2、总结概念: 、总结概念: 主动 语态 执行者作主语 语态。 谓语动词的执行者作主语, 谓语动词的执行者作主语,用语态。 被动 语态 谓语动词的承受者作主语, 承受者作主语 语态。 谓语动词的承受者作主语,用语态。
二、常见语态转换 一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态。 (一)一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态。 引入练习
  1。 引入练习 。请将下列主动语态变成被动语态
  1.Lucy bought some fruit. Some fruit bought Lucy. was by
  2.Uncle Wang waters the flowers every day. The flowers Uncle Wang every day. are watered by
  3.Did they build the bridge in 1998? the bridge in 1998? Was built
  4.When did Lu Xun write these books? When these books Lu Xun? were written by
  5.The farmers don’t grow apples on the farm. Apples aren’t grown on the farm.
  6.They didn’t clean the classroom yesterday. The classroom yesterday. wasn’t cleaned 小结: 小结: 过去分词 永不变
  1、被动语态的转换,在be+过去分词中,确定 be 形 是关键,永不变。 过去分词中, 永不变。 、被动语态的转换, 过去分词中 确定 是关键,
  2、Be的时态由 主动时态 的时态由确定;be的单 复数由 被动主语 确定。 确定; 的单 复数由确定 的单/复数由 确定。 、 的时态由 确定
  3、问句提前 be动词 否定后加 后加not. 、问句提前; 否定 be 后加 动词
(二)一般现在时带情态动词的被动语态。 二 一般现在时带情态动词的被动语态。 引入练习
  2。请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。 引入练习 。请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。
  1.You can do the work all by yourself. can be done The work all by yourself.
  2.We must plant more trees. More trees planted must be .
  3.We should dig a large hole. A large hole should . be dug
  4.Can we put our bikes here? Can be put our bikes here?
  5.You mustn’t throw rubbish here. Rubbish here. mustn’t be thrown
  6.We can’t see many stars. can’t be seen Many stars . 小结: 小结: 情态动词+be+过去分词 过去分词
  1.含情态动词的被动结构: . 含情态动词的被动结构: 情态动词 含情态动词的被动结构 情态动词
  2.疑问句提前 情态动词 疑问句提前; 否定句:+not. 否定句: 疑问句提前
(三)、动词 宾语 宾补结构的转换 )、动词+宾语 动词 宾语+宾补结构的转换 观察结构: 观察结构: 带to的不定式作宾补 的不定式作宾补
  1.ask sb. to do sth. () (sb.)
  2.see (sb.)
  3.see (sb.) be asked sb. be seen sb. be seen to do sth. do sth. to do sth. doing sth. doing sth. 变成被动, 变成被动,形式不变 () 省略to的不定式作宾补 省略 的不定式作宾补 () 被动补上to 被动补上 () V-ing作宾补 作宾补 () 形式不变 ().
引入练习
  3、请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。 引入练习 、请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。
  1.The farmer made the horses work the whole day. The horses made to were the whole day. work
  2.Mum asks the twins not to swim in the lake. are asked not to swim The twins in the lake.
  3.I saw a mouse run into the room. A mouse into the room. was seen to run
  4.I often hear him sing English songs. is heard to sing He often English songs.
  5.I saw Lucy playing in the park just now. Lucy in the park just now. was seen playing
  6.They watched the children sing that morning. were watched The children to sing that morning. 小结:
  1.主动语态中省略 的宾补在被动中应.如以 主动语态中省略to的宾补在被动中应 补上to 小结 主动语态中省略 的宾补在被动中应 补上 如以
  1、
  3、
  4、6 题 、 、 、 上 题.
  2.其它形式的宾补在被动中 不变 如以上
  2、5 题。 其它形式的宾补在被动中.如以上 、 如以上题 其它形式的宾补在被动中
(四)、动词短语的被动语态。 )、动词短语的被动语态。 动词短语的被动语态
引入练习
  4、改正下列转换中的错误: 引入练习 、改正下列转换中的错误:

  1.People often talk about the film. 误:The film is often talked. 正: The film is often talked about.
  2.Lily looked after the baby. 误:The baby was looked by Lily. 正: The baby was looked after by Lily.
  3.We shouldn’t give up the work. 误:The work shouldn’t be given . 正: The work shouldn’t be given up.
  4.We can’t work out the problem. 误:The problem can’t be worked. 正: The problem can’t be worked out.

  5.We must take good care of young trees. 误:Young trees must be taken good care. 正: Young trees must be taken good care of.
  6.We must write to him. 误:He must be written. 正: He must be written to. 小结:动词短语在转换成被动语态时, 小结:动词短语在转换成被动语态时, 不能丢掉其中的。 不能丢掉其中的 介词或副词 。
三.Read the passage and answer right or wrong.
  1.The tiger escaped from the zoo because it wan’t taken good care of.( R )
  2.One morning the tiger was seen to run into the city. (W )
  3.That morning the tiger was so strong that many animals were killed. ( W )
  4.Tom was asked to go to school that day. ( W)
  5.The tiger was taken to the zoo by the zoo keepers. ( W )
  6.Now the tiger is given the most food in the zoo. ( R )
四.Fill in the missing words according to the passage. (注意和原文语态的不同) 注意和原文语态的不同) 注意和原文语态的不同 Several days ago a large tiger escaped from the zoo because it (
  1)fed well. wasn’t to One morning the tiger was seen (
  2)run into a small by forest near the city (
  3)Some people.The people (
  4) told the police about it at once. They said that the tiger was very strong , but the animals around it (
  5)not hit. The police warned people were not to go out during the night. Tom was made not(
  6) go to ( ) to were school that day. The police(
  7) asked to find out the tiger quickly and kill it. But the police said the tiger should (
  8)protected and be well looked after if it was found out. In the evening a big net was put around the Forest by the police. Some sheep (
  9)tied to the trees were behind the net.When the sheep were heard (
  10) bleat , the hungry to tiger ran out to catch them. At last the tiger was caught and it was (
  11)back to the zoo. taken Now the tiger (
  12) taken good care (
  13). It must is of (
  14)given the most food because it is the largest. be
Homework: (点击中考,明确重点 点击中考, 点击中考 明确重点) Please do the exercises on your paper.
 

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